Middle Palaeolithic Prehistoric Site
During Middle Paleolithic Ages, a hundred thousand years ago,
Neanderthal people, who were not ancestors of modern people but they
were closely related, made axes from chipped stone and buried their
dead with rituals.
The archaeological site of Keoue is mentioned as one of many important
discoveries of the Middle East about the Neanderthal Middle Palaeolithic
ages. The map in this page was published by Dr John Shea, an Associate
Professor in the Anthropology Department at the State University of New
York in Athena Review, a specialized Journal in Archaeology, History, and
The middle palaeolithic site of Keoue is about 10 Km southwest of tripoli,
the second largest city of Lebanon. Turning off the Mediterranean coast
at Chekka near Tripoli, the main road and subsequently a secondary
road lead to Bterram, a small hill town about 9 Km east de Chekka.
The Wadi el Keoue near the site is surrounded by gentle open slopes
near the top of the hill . The site is rather a kind of rockshelter so far as
the appearance at the present is concerned, which occurs at the margin
of a shallow depression of limestone in the form of a parabola widening
towards the wadi bed. The limestone wall forming the shelter has a
maximum height of about 5m from the present surface of the deposits
which fill the depression.
The Keoue site was first visited and recorded by members of theTokyo
University Scientific Expedition to Western Asia when the Japanese party
made a site survey of the region in 1967 to locate any caves with any
paleolithic traces in view of future excavation.
Map of the Levant showing important sites about
Neanderthals and Modern Humans origins
(Courtesy of Dr John Shea and Athena Review,
reproduced with permission)
Later on, a second set of works on the spot for the excavation of the
site continued for a period from September 25 to October 5, 1970.
The field work was carried out, under the direction of Dr. Hitoshi
Watanabe, by the members of the Tokyo University Scientific
Expedition to Western Asia: Dr. Hisashi Suzuki (physical anthropology),
Dr. Banri Endo (physical anthropology) and Mr. Hisao Baba (physical
anthropology) of the department of Anthropology; Mr. Takeru Akazawa
(prehistory) of the University Museum; Dr. Fuyuji Takai
(palaenontology) of the department of Geology; Mr. Iwao Kobori
(geography), Mr. Kunihiko Endo and Mr. Masami Fukuda (geology) of
the Departement of Geography.The joint expedition was organized as
one of the overseas field study projects of the Tokyo University,
financed by the Japanese Ministry of Education, and was headed by
Dr. H. Suzuki. The field work was continuously supported and assisted
by the Direction Generale des Antiquites of Lebanon and its staff,
especially Emir Maurice Chehab and M. Roger Saidah.
|The excavation of the Keoue site (1967)
|Wadi Keoue view by satellite (Click to enlarge)
Keoue the Prehistoric
Site of Bterram